Packet-based conversational service for a multimedia session in a mobile communications system

Abstract

An important objective for third generation mobile communications systems is to provide IP services, and a very important part of these services will be the conversational voice. The conversational voice service includes three distinct information flows: session control, the voice media, and the media control messages. In a preferred embodiment, based on the specific characteristics for each information flow, each information flow is allocated its own bearer with a Quality of Service (QoS) tailored to its particular characteristics. In a second embodiment, the session control and media control messages are supported with a single bearer with a QoS that suits both types of control messages. Both embodiments provide an IP conversational voice service with increased radio resource efficiency and QoS.

Claims

What is claimed is: 1 . A method for establishing a session involving a mobile radio terminal configured to access a packet-based access network via a radio access network comprising: establishing a first bearer extending between the mobile terminal and the packet-based access network; using the first bearer to initiate a session that includes a packet-based voice communication; the first bearer carrying one or more session messages for implementing a packet-based voice service; establishing a second bearer for the session extending between the mobile terminal and the packet-based access network to carry voice packets associated with the packet-based voice service; and establishing a third bearer for the session extending between the mobile terminal and the packet-based access network to carry control messages associated with the packet-based voice service. 2 . The method in claim 1 , wherein each of the first, second, and third bearers is established with a quality of service tailored to characteristics of the information being carried over that bearer. 3 . The method in claim 1 , wherein the first bearer is established with an interactive quality of service, the second bearer is established with a conversational quality of service, and the third bearer is established with an interactive quality of service. 4 . The method in claim 1 , further comprising: establishing a priority for the first bearer. 5 . The method in claim 1 , wherein the first, second, and third bearers correspond to first, second, and third packet data contexts, respectively. 6 . The method in claim 1 , wherein the first, second, and third bearers are radio access bearers (RABs). 7 . The method in claim 6 , further comprising: establishing a first Packet Data Protocol (PDP) context for session messages relating to the packet-based voice service and mapping the first PDP context onto the first RAB; establishing a second PDP context for voice packets and mapping the second PDP context onto the second RAB; and establishing a third PDP context for control messages associated with the voice packets and mapping the third PDP context onto the third RAB. 8 . The method in claim 7 , wherein the session messages are Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) messages carrying Session Description Protocol (SDP) information over a User Datagram Protocol (UDP), the voice packets are carried by the Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) protocol over UDP, and the control messages associated with the voice packets are Real-Time Control Protocol (RTCP) messages over UDP. 9 . The method in claim 7 , further comprising: mapping each of the first, second, and third RABs to one or more radio bearers between the mobile terminal and the radio access networks. 10 . The method in claim 7 , further comprising: using the first PDP context to transfer signaling that triggers establishment of the second and third PDP contexts. 11 . The method in claim 7 , further comprising: releasing the second and third RABs if there is no active transmission for a period of time, and maintaining the first RAB in order to keep the first PDP context active for a duration of the session. 12 . The method in claim 7 , further comprising: establishing the second and third PDP contexts using a single request. 13 . The method in claim 1 , wherein the second and third bearers may be established in any order relative to each other. 14 . The method in claim 1 , wherein the session is a multimedia session, further comprising: establishing an additional bearer for a session media flow other than the packet-based voice communication in any order relative to the second and third bearers. 15 . A method for establishing a session that includes a packet-based voice communication involving a mobile radio terminal that is configured to access a General Packet Radio Services (GPRS) network via a radio access network, comprising: establishing for the session a first Packet Data Protocol (PDP) context for session messages relating to a packet-based voice service and supporting a first quality of service selected for session messages; establishing for the session a second PDP context for voice packets and supporting a second quality of service selected for voice packets; and establishing for the session a third PDP context for control messages associated with the voice packets and supporting a third quality of service selected for control messages. 16 . The method in claim 15 , wherein each of the first, second, and third PDP contexts extends from the mobile terminal to a Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN) in the GPRS network. 17 . The method in claim 15 , further comprising: mapping the first PDP context onto a first radio access bearer (RAB) extending between the mobile terminal and a Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) in the GPRS network; mapping the second PDP context onto a second RAB extending between the mobile terminal and the SGSN; and mapping the third PDP context onto a third RAB extending between the mobile terminal and the SGSN. 18 . The method in claim 15 , wherein each of the first, second, and third PDP contexts is established with a quality of service tailored to characteristics of the information associated with that PDP context. 19 . The method in claim 15 , wherein the first PDP context is established with an interactive quality of service, the second PDP context is established with a conversational quality of service, and the third PDP context is established with an interactive quality of service. 20 . The method in claim 15 , further comprising: establishing a priority for the first PDP context. 21 . The method in claim 15 , wherein the session messages are Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) messages carrying Session Description Protocol (SDP) information over a User Datagram Protocol (UDP), the voice packets are carried by the Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) protocol over UDP, and the control messages associated with the voice packets are Real-Time Control Protocol (RTCP) messages over UDP. 22 . The method in claim 15 , further comprising: using the first PDP context to transfer signaling that triggers establishment of the second and third PDP contexts. 23 . The method in claim 15 , further comprising: establishing the second and third PDP contexts using a single request. 24 . The method in claim 15 , wherein the second and third PDP contexts may be established in any order relative to each other. 25 . The method in claim 15 , wherein the session is a multimedia session, further comprising: establishing an additional PDP context for a session media flow other than the packet-based voice communication in any order relative to the second and third PDP contexts. 26 . A mobile terminal for use in a mobile communications system that includes a packet-based access network, comprising electronic circuitry configured to perform the following tasks related to establishing an IP session: coordinate with a node in the packet-based access network to establish a first bearer extending between the mobile terminal and the packet-based access network; use the first bearer to initiate an IP session including a conversational IP service, the first bearer for carrying one or more session messages for implementing the conversational IP service; coordinate with the packet-based access network node to establish a second bearer for the IP session extending between the mobile terminal and the packet-based access network to carry voice packets associated with the conversational IP service; and coordinate with the packet-based access network node to establish a third bearer for the IP session extending between the mobile terminal and the packet-based access network to carry control messages associated with the conversational IP service. 27 . The mobile terminal in claim 26 , wherein each of the first, second, and third bearers is established with a quality of service tailored to characteristics of the information being carried over that bearer. 28 . The mobile terminal in claim 26 , wherein the first bearer is established with an interactive quality of service, the second bearer is established with a conversational quality of service, and the third bearer is established with a interactive quality of service. 29 . The mobile terminal in claim 26 , wherein the first bearer is prioritized. 30 . The mobile terminal in claim 26 , wherein the session messages are Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) messages carrying Session Description Protocol (SDP) information over a User Datagram Protocol (UDP), the voice packets are carried by the Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) protocol over UDP, and the control messages associated with the voice packets are Real-Time Control Protocol (RTCP) messages over UDP. 31 . The mobile terminal in claim 26 , wherein each of the bearers is a packet data context. 32 . The mobile terminal in claim 26 , wherein each of the bearers is a radio access bearer (RAB). 33 . The mobile terminal in claim 32 , wherein the electronic circuitry is further configured to: coordinate with another packet-based access network node to establish a first Packet Data Protocol (PDP) context for session messages relating to the conversational IP multimedia service and map the first PDP context onto the first RAB; coordinate with the other packet-based access network node to establish a second PDP context for voice packets and map the second PDP context onto the second RAB; and coordinate with the other packet-based access network node to establish a third PDP context for control messages associated with the voice packets and map the third PDP context onto the third RAB. 34 . The mobile terminal in claim 33 , wherein the electronic circuitry is further configured to establish the second and third PDP contexts using a single request. 35 . The mobile terminal in claim 26 , wherein the session is a multimedia session, wherein the electronic circuitry is further configured to establish an additional bearer for a session media flow other than the voice packets in any order relative to the second and third bearers. 36 . The mobile terminal in claim 26 , wherein the second and third bearers may be established in any order relative to each other. 37 . A mobile terminal for use in a mobile communications system that includes a radio access network coupled to a General Packet Radio Services (GPRS) network, comprising electronic circuitry configured to perform the following tasks related to establishing an IP session: coordinate with a GGSN node in the GPRS network to establish a first Packet Data Protocol (PDP) context for session messages relating to a conversational IP service that supports a first quality of service selected for session messages; coordinate with a Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN node in the GPRS network to establish a second PDP context for voice packets that supports a second quality of service selected for voice packets; and coordinate with the GGSN node to establish a third PDP context for control messages associated with the voice packets that supports a third quality of service selected for control messages. 38 . The mobile terminal in claim 37 , wherein the electronic circuitry is further configured to: map the first PDP context onto a first radio access bearer (RAB) extending between the mobile terminal and a Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) in the GPRS network; map the second PDP context onto a second RAB extending between the mobile terminal and the SGSN; and map the third PDP context onto a third RAB extending between the mobile terminal and the SGSN. 39 . The mobile terminal in claim 37 , wherein each of the first, second, and third PDP contexts has a quality of service tailored to characteristics of the information associated with that PDP context. 40 . The mobile terminal in claim 37 , wherein the first PDP context has an interactive quality of service, the second PDP context has a conversational quality of service, and the third PDP context has an interactive quality of service. 41 . The mobile terminal in claim 37 , wherein the session messages are Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) messages carrying Session Description Protocol (SDP) information over a User Datagram Protocol (UDP), the voice packets are carried by the Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) protocol over UDP, and the control messages associated with the voice packets are Real-Time Control Protocol (RTCP) messages over UDP. 42 . A node for use with a packet-based access network, comprising electronic circuitry configured to perform the following tasks related to establishing an IP session: coordinate with a mobile radio terminal to establish a first bearer extending between the mobile radio terminal and the packet-based access network, wherein the first bearer is useable to establish the IP session including a conversational IP service and to carry one or more session messages for implementing the conversational IP service; coordinate with the mobile radio terminal to establish a second bearer for the IP multimedia session extending between the mobile radio terminal and the packet-based access network to carry voice packets associated with the conversational IP service; and coordinate with the packet-based access network node to establish a third bearer for the IP session extending between the mobile radio terminal and the packet-based access network to carry control messages associated with the conversational IP service. 43 . The node in claim 42 , wherein the bearers are packet data contexts. 44 . The node in claim 42 , wherein the bearers are radio access bearers (RABs). 45 . The node in claim 44 , wherein the node is a Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) in a General Packet Radio Services (GPRS) network, and wherein the SGSN electronic circuitry is configured to: map a first PDP context onto the first RAB; map a second PDP context onto the second RAB; and map a third PDP context onto the third RAB. 46 . The node in claim 45 , wherein each of the first, second, and third PDP contexts has a quality of service tailored to characteristics of the information associated with that PDP context. 47 . The node in claim 46 , wherein the first PDP context has an interactive quality of slice (QoS), the second PDP context has a conversational quality of service (QoS), and the third PDP context has an interactive quality of service (QoS). 48 . The node in claim 42 , wherein each of the first, second, and third bearers is established with a quality of service tailored to characteristics of the information being carried over that bearer. 49 . The node in claim 42 , wherein the first bearer is established with an interactive quality of service, the second bearer is established with a conversational quality of service, and the third bearer is established with a interactive quality of service. 50 . The node in claim 42 , wherein the session messages are application control Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) messages carrying Session Description Protocol (SDP) information over User Datagram Protocol (UDP), the voice packets are carried by the Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTh) protocol over UDP, and the control messages associated with the voice packets are media control Real-Time Control Protocol (RTCP) messages over UDP. 51 . The node in claim 45 , wherein the electronic circuitry is further configured to establish the second and third PDP contexts using a single request. 52 . The node in claim 42 , wherein the session is a multimedia session and the electronic circuitry is further configured to establish an additional bearer for a session media flow other than the voice packets in any order relative to the second and third bearers. 53 . The node in claim 42 , wherein the second and third bearers may be established in any order relative to each other. 54 . A method for establishing a session involving a mobile radio terminal configured to access a packet-based access network via a radio access network comprising: establishing a first bearer extending between the mobile terminal and the packet-based access network; using the first bearer to initiate a session that includes a packet-based voice communication and to carry one or more session messages for implementing a packet-based voice service; establishing a second bearer for the session extending between the mobile terminal and the packet-based access network and carrying voice packets associated with the packet-based voice service; and using the first bearer to carry control messages associated with the packet-based voice service. 55 . The method in claim 54 , wherein each of the first and second bearers is established with a quality of service tailored to characteristics of the information being carried over that bearer. 56 . The method in claim 54 , wherein the first bearer is established with an interactive quality of service and the second bearer is established with a conversational quality of service. 57 . The method in claim 54 , further comprising: establishing a priority for the first bearer. 58 . The method in claim 54 , wherein the first and second bearers correspond to first, second, and third packet data contexts, respectively. 59 . The method in claim 54 , wherein the first and second bearers are radio access bearers (RABs). 60 . The method in claim 59 , further comprising: establishing a first Packet Data Protocol (PDP) context for session messages relating to the packet-based voice service and for control messages associated with the voice packets; mapping the first PDP context onto the first RAB; establishing a second PDP context for voice packets; and mapping the second PDP context onto the second RAB. 61 . The method in claim 60 , wherein the session messages are Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) messages carrying Session Description Protocol (SDP) information over a User Datagram Protocol (UDP), the voice packets are carried by the Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) protocol over UDP, and the control messages associated with the voice packets are Real-Time Control Protocol (RTCP) messages over UDP. 62 . A node for use a mobile communications system that includes in a packet-based access network, comprising electronic circuitry configured to perform the following tasks related to establishing an IP session: coordinate with a mobile radio terminal to establish a first bearer extending between the mobile radio terminal and the packet-based access network configured to establish the IP session including a conversational IP service and to carry one or more session messages for implementing the conversational IP service; coordinate with the mobile radio terminal to establish a second bearer for the IP multimedia session extending between the mobile radio terminal and the packet-based access network to carry voice packets associated with the conversational IP service; and coordinate with the packet-based access network node to configure the first bearer to carry control messages associated with the conversational IP service. 63 . The node in claim 62 , wherein the bearers are packet data contexts. 64 . The node in claim 62 , wherein the bearers are radio access bearers (RABs). 65 . The node in claim 64 , wherein the node is a Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) in a General Packet Radio Services (GPRS) network, and wherein the SGSN electronic circuitry is configured to: map a first PDP context onto the first RAB; map a second PDP context onto the second RAB; and map a third PDP context onto the first RAB. 66 . The node in claim 62 , wherein the node is a mobile radio terminal or a fixed network node. 67 . The node in claim 62 , wherein the first bearer is established with an interactive quality of service and the second bearer is established with a conversational quality of service. 68 . The node in claim 62 , wherein the session messages are application control Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) messages carrying Session Description Protocol (SDP) information over User Datagram Protocol (UDP), the voice packets are carried by the Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) protocol over UDP, and the control messages associated with the voice packets are media control Real-Time Control Protocol (RTCP) messages over UDP. 69 . The node in claim 62 , wherein the session is a multimedia session and the electronic circuitry is further configured to establish an additional bearer for a session media flow other than the voice packets.
PROVISIONAL APPLICATION [0001] Priority is claimed from U.S. provisional application serial No. 60/354,483 filed Feb. 8, 2002, the disclosure of which is incorporated here by reference. CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS [0002] This application is related to commonly-assigned U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/985,573, entitled “Media Binding to Coordinating Quality of Service Requirements for Media Flows in a Multimedia Session with IP Bearer Resources,” filed Nov. 5, 2001; and U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/985,631, entitled “Method and Apparatus for Coordinating Quality of Service Requirements for Media Flows in a Multimedia System With IP Bearer Resources,” filed Nov. 5, 2001; U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/038,770, entitled “Method and Apparatus for Coordinating End-to-End Quality of Service Requirements for Media Flows in a Multimedia Session,” filed Jan. 8, 2002; U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/*******, entitled “Processing Different Size Packet Headers for a Packet-Based Conversational Service in a Mobile Communications System,” filed January**, 2003, the disclosures of which are incorporated herein by reference. FIELD OF THE INVENTION [0003] The present invention relates to Internet Protocol (IP) multimedia communications in a mobile network where time-sensitive services, such as voice, are effectively and efficiently supported. BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY [0004] Fixed IP networks were originally designed to carry “best effort” traffic where the network makes a “best attempt” to deliver a user packet, but does not guarantee that a user packet will arrive at the destination. IP networks need to support various types of applications. Some of these applications have Quality of Service (QoS) requirements other than “best effort” service. Examples of such applications include various real time applications (IP telephony/voice, video conferencing), streaming services (audio or video), or high quality data services (browsing with bounded download delays). Recognizing these QoS requirements, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), which is the main standards body for IP networking, standardized a set of protocols and mechanisms that enable IP network operators to build QoS-enabled IP networks. But these protocols and mechanisms where designed with fixed, wire-line networks in mind. New and different challenges face IP communications in mobile, wireless communication networks. [0005] Quality of service is important for providing end users with satisfying service. The efficient use of the radio resources is also important to ensure maximum capacity and coverage for the system. Quality of service can be characterized by several performance criteria such as throughput, connection setup time, percentage of successful transmissions, speed of fault detection and correction, etc. In an IP network quality of service can be measured in terms of bandwidth, packet loss, delay, and jitter. [0006] Consider for example an IP telephony session between User-A and User-B where User-A accesses an IP backbone through a local access, mobile communications network. In wireline communications, a local access network is often a Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN or an Integrates Services Digital Network (ISDN. But for communications involving a mobile radio, the local access network must include a radio access network. Example mobile communication networks include the Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) or the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) network. User-B is similarly connected to the IP network through a local access network, and both users may not use the same type of access network. The IP backbone network includes a number of IP routers and interconnecting links that together provide connectivity between the IP network's ingress and egress points and thereby make two party communication possible. [0007] As far as the users are concerned, the perceived quality of service depends on the service provided both in the local access networks and on the IP backbone network Of particular interest is the specific case where at least one of the access networks is a mobile communications network like a UMTS or GSM/GPRS networks. The radio interface in such a network is the most challenging interface in the communication in terms of delivering a particular quality of service. [0008] An objective of third generation mobile communications systems, like Universal Mobile Telephone communications System (UMTS), is to provide mobile radios with the ability to conduct multimedia sessions where a communication session between users may include different types of media. Perhaps the most important medium to support in multimedia sessions is voice. There is a need for more resource-efficient, packet-based conversational (e.g., voice) multimedia services. Although the idea of conversational IP services is desirable, a practical implementation of a conversational IP service requires overcoming several technical hurdles before the idea becomes a commercial reality. Conversational IP services should deliver high speech quality both in terms of fidelity and low delay. Connection set up and service interaction times should be reasonably fast. Indeed, packet-based voice service should be comparable to circuit-switched traditional voice telephony. The radio spectrum must be used efficiently. Services must cover a wide geographic area and be able to service roaming users. Because voice is only one component in a multimedia session, it should be established and disconnected independently from the session. [0009] There are three distinct information flows to be considered for a conversational IP voice service. Each flow affects the overall performance of the IP voice service. For example, the voice media flow is crucial when it comes to providing high speech quality. The session control flow is important when it comes to service set-up times/delays, and the media control protocol is primarily used to monitor media flows and provide information allowing the synchronization of different media flows. [0010] In addition, network operators must be able to provide the conversational IP service at a reasonable cost. Although fixed, wire-line access networks like LAN's permit over-provisioning, wireless networks cannot afford that luxury because of limited radio bandwidth and the need to support user mobility. An objective of the present invention is to provide an efficient way to transport these three information flows. [0011] The three information flows have different needs and characteristics. Quality of Service (QoS) parameters of special importance to session signaling include bit rate, delay, and priority. Session signaling is mostly low volume with a small average bandwidth demand. But the transmission rate still needs to be fairly high to reduce delay. Delay time is also influenced by bearer-handling delays and retransmissions over the air interface. Under heavy load conditions, session signaling should get priority. The session signaling should not be put on a bearer that carries a large volume of user data because the session signaling can not then be prioritized above the user data, resulting in undesired delays. Therefore, in accordance with one aspect of the invention, the session signaling is transported using a separate packet data “context” between the mobile terminal and a packet-based access network with an interactive class of QoS. This session signaling packet data context is supported by a dedicated bearer with an interactive class of QoS. Logical connections, like a packet data context, a radio access bearer, a radio bearer, etc., are generally referred to as “bearers.” [0012] The voice media packets carry regularly-generated voice samples, e.g., every 20 ms, and each packet has a relatively small payload size. Those voice packets must be received by the remote terminal with the same timing, e.g., every 20 ms, in order to have a reasonable voice quality. Both objectives are met in accordance with another aspect of the present invention where the voice media flow is transported using a separate packet context between the mobile terminal and a packet-based access network with a conversational class of QoS. The voice media packets are supported by a dedicated bearer with a conversational class of QoS characteristics. [0013] Compared to voice media packets, voice media control message packets are considerably larger in size and are sent less frequently, e.g., every few seconds. But there is no strict delay or jitter requirement like there is for voice packets. For media control message packets, a conversational radio access bearer would waste radio resources. Alternatively, transporting the media control message packets on the same radio access bearer as the voice packets would delay the voice packets causing a disruption in speech. To mitigate this problem requires allocating more resources to a single bearer than would be needed for two bearers. So in accordance with another aspect of the invention, the media control signaling is transported using a separate packet data “context” between the mobile terminal and a packet-based access network with an interactive class of QoS. This media control signaling packet data context is supported by a dedicated bearer with an interactive class of QoS characteristics. [0014] Thus, in a preferred embodiment, each of these three information flows required for a conversational IP voice service is allocated its own bearer and packet data context with a QoS class tailored to the characteristics of each flow. In this way, high quality, packet-based voice service can be provided with radio resources being efficiently allocated in accordance with the particular needs for the different information flows. [0015] In a second embodiment, the session signaling and the voice media control messages share a single radio bearer with an interactive class of QoS characteristics. As in the first embodiment, the voice media packets are supported by a dedicated bearer with a conversational class of QoS characteristics. Because the session signaling load normally is heavy during the session setup and the voice media control message load normally picks up after the session is setup, one interactive QoS bearer supports both the session setup signaling and the voice media control signaling. Although there may be some delays whenever there is overlapping session signaling and voice media control signaling require transmission at the same time, those delays may be an acceptable tradeoff to reduce the number of bearers by one. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS [0016] The foregoing and other objects, features, and advantages of the present invention may be more readily understood with reference to the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. [0017] [0017]FIG. 1 illustrates a communications system in which a multimedia session may be established between a mobile terminal and a remote host; [0018] [0018]FIG. 2 illustrates in block format various functions performed by the mobile terminal, access point, and multimedia system; [0019] [0019]FIG. 3 is a high level diagram showing three separate bearers for supporting a packet-based voice session; [0020] [0020]FIG. 4 illustrates a GPRS/UMTS-based communication system for conducting multimedia sessions; [0021] [0021]FIG. 5 is a high level diagram showing three separate bearers for supporting a packet-based voice session from the mobile terminal to the IMS interface in a GPRS/UMTS access network; [0022] [0022]FIG. 6 is a flowchart illustrating example procedures for establishing a multimedia session with packet-based, voice IMS service; and [0023] [0023]FIG. 7 is an example signaling diagram showing a mobile terminal attaching to the network establishing a primary PDP context and a session signaling RAB, and registering with the IMS in a GPRS/UMTS access network; [0024] FIGS. 8 A- 8 C illustrate example signaling message exchanges for establishing dedicated RABs for a voice media packet stream and media control messages as part of establishing a multimedia session with packet-based, voice IMS service. DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0025] In the following description, for purposes of explanation and not limitation, specific details are set forth, such as particular embodiments, procedures, techniques, etc. in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. However, it will be apparent to one skilled in the art that the present invention may be practiced in other embodiments that depart from these specific details. For example, in one example below, the present invention is described in an example application to a GSM/UMTS system. However, the present invention may be employed in any access network. [0026] In some instances, detailed descriptions of well-known methods, interfaces, devices, and signaling techniques are omitted so as not to obscure the description of the present invention with unnecessary detail. Moreover, individual function blocks are shown in some of the figures. Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the functions may be implemented using individual hardware circuits, using software functioning in conjunction with a suitably programmed digital microprocessor or general purpose computer, using an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), and/or using one or more digital signal processors (DSPs). This is true for all of the nodes described below including mobile terminals and network nodes. [0027] In the following description, a mobile terminal is used as one example of a user equipment (UE) allowing a mobile user access to network services. In a mobile radio communications system, the interface between the user equipment and the network is the radio interface. Thus, although following description uses the term “mobile terminal,” the present invention may be applied to any type or configuration of user equipment that can communicate over a radio interface. [0028] To realize a QoS with clearly defined characteristics and functionality, a bearer must be set up from the source to the destination of the service that supports that QoS. A “bearer” is a logical connection between two entities through one or more interfaces, networks, gateways, etc., and usually corresponds to a data stream. Non-limiting examples of bearers used in the example embodiments below include a packet data context, a radio access bearer, and a radio bearer. A QoS bearer service includes all aspects to enable the provision of a contracted QoS. Example aspects include the control signaling, user plane transport, and QoS management functionality. [0029] To provide IP quality of service end-to-end from mobile terminal to a remote host, it is necessary to manage the quality of service within each domain in the end-to-end path where each domain corresponds to a set of nodes utilizing the same QoS mechanisms. For purposes of simplifying the description, only the bearers and selected signaling employed in establishing and maintaining a packet-based voice session from the mobile terminal up to the IP backbone network are described. A packet-based voice session may be a voice only call or a multi-media call with a voice being one of the media. For purposes of illustration only, a multi-media session that includes a voice information flow is described below, with only the voice part being described. The invention may be applied to IP voice communication that is not part of a multimedia session. [0030] The invention may be employed, for example, in the simplified communications system shown in FIG. 1 where a Mobile Terminal (MT) 10 may initiate and conduct a multimedia session with a remote host 20 . The mobile terminal 10 is coupled to a radio access network (RAN) 12 over the radio interface. The RAN 12 is coupled to an Access Point 15 in a packet-switched access network (PSAN) 14 . If desired, the access point 15 may function as a protocol proxy for the MT local host. The PSAN 14 is coupled to a Packet Data Network (PDN) 18 to which the remote host 20 is coupled via a local access network (LAN) 19 . The basic traffic flow for a multimedia session (shown as solid lines) between the mobile terminal 10 and remote host 20 is transported via these three networks 12 , 14 , and 18 . The PSAN 14 and the PDN 18 communicate multimedia control signaling (shown as dashed lines) to an IP Multimedia System (IMS) 16 that can be separate from or an integral part of the Packet Data Network 18 . [0031] To provide further details regarding setting up a multimedia session between the MT 10 and the remote host 20 , reference is now made to FIG. 2. The mobile terminal 10 includes Access Network Bearer Control 40 coupled to multimedia session control 42 . The Access Network Bearer Control block 40 transports internal bearer control signaling, which is not dedicated to a particular session, to an Access Network Bearer Control block 46 in the Access Point 15 transparently through the radio access network over a PDN signaling transport bearer. Both Access Network Bearer Control blocks 40 and 46 assist in establishing a packet access bearer for setting up the session shown as the pipe entitled “transport of session signaling.” Over this bearer, the mobile terminal 10 initiates a multimedia session including a plurality of media data streams with the remote terminal 20 . Each media data stream or “flow” is transported over a corresponding packet access bearer illustrated as a “transport of media flow” pipe coupled to a Forward Media Streams block 44 in the mobile terminal. Two media flows 1 and 2 are shown for purposes of illustration in this multimedia session. The multimedia system 16 in the packet data network 18 employs a Route Media Streams block 50 to route the packets in each media flow between the mobile terminal 10 and the remote terminal/host 20 . Multimedia system 16 includes a Session Control block 48 that utilizes session signaling from the Multimedia Session Control block 42 in the mobile terminal 10 to correlate each multimedia flow and its corresponding quality of service requirements with the session to establish necessary admission rules for the session. [0032] For a session involving voice IMS services, there are at least three information flows that must be transported between the mobile terminal and the network: session control messages, the voice media itself, and voice media control messages. The three information flows have different needs and characteristics. QoS parameters of special importance to session signaling include bit rate, delay, and priority. Each of the three information flows required for a conversational IMS voice service is allocated its own bearer with a QoS class tailored to the characteristics of each flow. In a preferred, example embodiment, each information flow is allocated a packet data context and a supporting radio access bearer both having the appropriate QoS. [0033] Because of its mostly low volume with a low, average bandwidth demand, its need for low delay (including bearer handling delays and retransmissions over the air interface), and its need for priority in heavy load conditions, the session signaling is transported using a packet data context and a radio access network bearer that both support an interactive class of QoS characteristics. The interactive class provides a maximum bit rate, delivery order, maximum data unit size, a residual bit error ratio, delivery of erroneous data units, and priority handling. [0034] The strict periodicity required for voice packets, e.g., one every 20 ms, the relatively small payload size of each voice packet, and the need for the remote terminal to receive those packets at the same periodicity, e.g., every 20 ms, in order to have a reasonable voice quality led the inventors to transport the voice media flow using a packet data context and a radio access network bearer that both support a conversational class of QoS characteristics. The conversational class provides a maximum bit rate, guaranteed bit rate, minimum transfer delay, delivery order, maximum data unit size, a residual bit error ratio, and delivery of erroneous data units. [0035] In contrast, the voice media control message packets are considerably larger in size and are sent less frequently, e.g., every few seconds. But there is no strict delay or jitter requirement like there is for voice packets. A conversational radio access bearer would waste resources. Transporting the voice media control message packets on the same radio access bearer as the voice packets would delay the voice packets causing a disruption in speech. To mitigate that problem requires allocating more resources to a single bearer than would be needed for two bearers. Having similar needs as the session signaling, the media control signaling is transported using a packet data context and a radio access network bearer with an interactive class of QoS characteristics. [0036] [0036]FIG. 3 illustrates the three application flows—session control signaling, voice media, and media control signaling—each being supported from the mobile terminal 10 to the remote host 20 over the RAN 12 , the PSAN 14 , the IMS 16 , the PDN 18 , and the local access network (LAN) 19 . This separate support allows each application flow to be supported with a quality of service tailored to its specific needs while as the same time ensuring that limited resources are used efficiently in providing that service. [0037] The invention may also be employed in a more specific (but non-limiting) example of a multimedia session set up via a local General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)/Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS)-based access network 22 shown in FIG. 4. The local GPRS/UMTS network 22 includes a set of network elements between the local host UE-A, corresponding to a Mobile Terminal (MT), and an external packet switching network the user is connecting to, like the Internet. The radio access network (RAN) 28 provides access over the radio interface to/from the MT and includes radio base stations (RBSs) and radio network controllers (RNCs). The RAN 28 is coupled to a GPRS packet access network 30 that includes a supporting Gateway GPRS Support Node (SGSN) 32 and a Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN) 34 . The GGSN 34 provides interworking between the GPRS/UMTS network 22 and the IP backbone network 24 . The coupling (shown as a solid line) between the GPRS/UMTS network 22 and the IP backbone network 24 is used to transport user data IP packets. [0038] The local GPRS/UMTS-type network 22 is coupled to an IP multimedia system (IMS) 36 . Communication with the IMS 36 (shown as dashed lines) permits exchange of multimedia session control-related messages. The IMS 36 is typically a part of (although it may be separate from and coupled to) an IP backbone network 24 . The remote host corresponding to mobile terminal UE-B is coupled to the IP backbone network 24 through its home cellular network 26 , and by signaling connection, to the IMS 36 . [0039] The mobile terminal UE-A desires to establish a multimedia session with UE-B. The packet traffic for this session follows the solid line couplings between the various nodes. The session is established with and managed by the IP Multimedia System (IMS) 36 . The IMS 36 messages are based on IP application signaling, which in a preferred, example embodiment includes session initiation protocol (SIP) and session description protocol (SDP). SIP is a signaling protocol to establish sessions, and SDP is a text-based syntax to describe the session and includes, for example, the definition of each media stream in the session. The IP multimedia system 36 includes one or more Call State Control Functions (CSCFs) 38 . [0040] Before the mobile terminal can send packet data to the remote host, the mobile terminal must “attach” to the GPRS network to make its presence known and to create a Packet Data Protocol (PDP) “context” to establish a relationship with a GGSN. The PDP context is a bearer between the mobile terminal and the GGSN. The PDP attach procedure is first carried out between the mobile terminal and the SGSN to establish a logical link. As a result, a temporary logical link identity is assigned to the mobile terminal. A PDP context is established between the mobile terminal and a GGSN selected based on the name of the external network to be reached. One or more application flows may be established over a single PDP context through negotiations with the GGSN. An application flow corresponds to a stream of data packets distinguishable as being associated with a particular host application. Example application flows include voice packets carrying digitized (and usually coded) voice samples, an electronic mail message, a link to a particular Internet Service Provider (ISP) to download a graphics file from a web site, etc. One or more application flows may be associated with the same mobile host and the same PDP context. [0041] Within a GPRS/UMTS access network radio network resources are managed on a per PDP context level, which corresponds to one or more user flow/data streams and a certain QoS class. A PDP context is implemented as a dynamic table of data entries, comprising all needed information for transferring PDP data units between the mobile terminal and the GGSN, e.g., addressing information, flow control variables, QoS profile, charging information, etc. The PDP context signaling carries the requested and negotiated QoS profile between the nodes in the UMTS network. It has a central role for QoS handling in terms of admission control, negotiation, and modifying of bearers on a QoS level. [0042] [0042]FIG. 5 illustrates the mapping between radio bearer (MT-RNC), radio access bearer (MT-SGSN, and PDP context (MT-GGSN). The relationship between a radio access bearer and a PDP context is a one-to-one mapping. A radio access bearer is mapped onto one or more radio bearers. The three IP packet flows—session signaling, voice, and media control—are transported through the UTRAN using separate radio bearers, radio access bearers, and PDP contexts. As indicated in FIG. 3 in parentheses, example session control signaling that may be used in this example embodiment is Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) messages carrying Session Description Protocol (SDP) information over User Datagram Protocol (UDP). The voice packets may be carried in this example by the Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) protocol over UDP, and the control messages associated with the voice packets are Real-Time Control Protocol (RTCP) messages over UDP. Of course, other protocols and formats may be used. [0043] Three separate PDP contexts corresponding to separate radio access bearers (RABs) and separate radio bearers (RBs) are established for the three voice IMS service flows, as described above. The QoS associated with the SIP/SDP session signaling PDP context/RAB/RB(s) is an interactive QoS class suited for a request/response pattern of communication which need to have its payload content preserved. The RTP voice media PDP context/RAB/RB(s) is a conversational QoS class suited to preserve the time relation between information entities of the stream. The RTCP voice media control signaling PDP context/RAB/RB(s) is an interactive QoS class. [0044] [0044]FIG. 6 illustrates example procedures in flowchart form (entitled Bearer Support for Voice IMS) for establishing the three bearers for a voice MS session. The mobile terminal establishes an initial connection with the packet access network and registers with the IMS. A primary “session” PDP context is established over an interactive QoS class, session radio access bearer (RAB). Session signaling messages are conveyed over that RAB (block 100 ). A multimedia session is initiated by or with the mobile terminal over the session RAB requesting establishment of a voice or conversational IMS service (block 102 ). A secondary “media” PDP context is established with a conversational QoS class, media RAB to transport media (voice) packets (block 104 ). A secondary “media control” PDP context is established with an interactive QoS class, media control RAB to transport (block 106 ). Once set up, the session continues (block 108 ). [0045] A way to improve the overall PDP context establishment time would be to perform combined PDP context establishments. Establishing the PDP contexts related to the media and the media control could be combined into one procedure. This combined PDP context establishment may be facilitated by introducing PDP context request and accept messages that allow for more than one PDP context. [0046] Example signaling to establish a primary PDP context and register with the IMS for the system in FIG. 4 is shown in FIG. 7. Briefly, the MT sends a Radio Resource Control (RRC) Connection Request to the RNC, which responds with an RRC Connection Setup message. The MT sends an Attach Request to the SGSN via the RNC, which responds with several authentication, ciphering, and security mode requests. After the MT satisfies those requests, the SGSN sends an Attach Accept message to the MT. [0047] At this point, the MT sends an Activate PDP Context Request message to the SGSN, which includes a requested QoS profile. The SGSN sends a “Create PDP Context Request” to the GGSN carrying the QoS profile. Based on this profile, an admission control is performed at the GGSN level, and the GGSN may restrict the QoS if, for example, the system is overloaded. The GGSN stores the PDP context in a database. The GGSN returns the negotiated QoS to the SGSN in a “Create PDP Context Response” message, and the SGSN stores the PDP context in its database. The SGSN sends a “RAB Assignment Request” to the RNC in the RAN to establish a radio access bearer (RAB) service to carry the RAB QoS attributes. For the session signaling, a RAB with an interactive QoS is requested. From the interactive class QoS attributes, the RNC determines the radio-related parameters corresponding to the QoS profile, e.g., transport format set, transport format combination set, etc. The RNC sends a “Radio Bearer Set-up” message to the MT. When the RAN and the MT are ready to transfer traffic, a Radio Bearer Setup Complete message is sent to the RNC and a “RAB Assignment Complete” message is sent to the SGSN. The negotiated QoS, here an interactive QoS class, is sent from the SGSN to the MS in an “Activate PDP Context Accept” message. [0048] Once the primary PDP context is activated and the corresponding RAB and RBs are set up, the MT registers with the IMS. The MT sends a SIP Register message via the primary PDP context and corresponding bearers to the IMS. The IMS responds with a SIP 401 Unauthorized message. If the user is not registered, the 401 message is sent to the user including a challenge. The user includes the response to the challenge in the next register message, and the CSCF checks the response. If the response is correct, the CSCF knows the user is authentic. The MT repeats the Register message, and the IMS responds with a SIP 200 OK message indicating that the MT is registered with the IMS and may initiate (or participate in) a multimedia session. [0049] An example signaling flow diagram for an example conversational IMS session between a mobile terminal MT 1 and a remote MT 2 is shown in FIGS. 8 A- 8 C. Initially, and as explained above in FIG. 7, MT 1 establishes a first PDP context with the GGSN to be supported by a session signaling bearer needed to establish the multimedia session. The MT 1 sends a SIP INVITE message on the signaling bearer to the IMS to setup the conversational IP multimedia session. The INVITE message includes the session details regarding the number of media flows and requested corresponding quality of service. The IMS authenticates MT 1 as a subscriber and authorizes the session. The SIP INVITE message is forwarded to MT 2 via external networks. MT 2 confirms the session request in a SIP “183” Progress message returned to the IMS. The SIP 183 is an acknowledgement message to the SIP INVITE message. The IMS confirms the session, and delivers a session ID in a SIP 183 Progress message to the MT 1 . SIP PRACK and 200 OK PRACK acknowledgement messages are exchanged between the MT 1 and MT 2 via the IMS so that a session may established. [0050] In order to establish a PDP context and corresponding bearer for the media (voice) application flow for the session, MT 1 sends and activates a second PDP context request message via RNC to the SGSN. The SGSN sends a Create PDP Context Request to the GGSN, and the GGSN returns a Create PDP Context Response message. Each PDP context message includes a request for a conversational class quality of service. The SGSN then sends an RAB Assignment Request to the RNC requesting a conversational RAB. A Radio Bearer Setup message is sent from the RNC to MT 1 , and MT 1 responds with a Radio Bearer Setup Complete message. The RNC then forwards an RAB Assignment Response message to the SGSN, which returns an Activate Secondary PDP Context Accept message specifying a conversational quality of service. A similar set of procedures for establishing a secondary PDP context, corresponding RAB, and corresponding radio bearers is performed by MT 2 with its local access network nodes. [0051] Both MT 1 and MT 2 then perform similar procedures to establish a secondary PDP context and corresponding radio access bearers for media control packets for the session as indicated by the second brace in FIG. 8. However, in this message exchange, the PDP context messages specify an interactive quality of service and the RAB assignment messages will specify an interactive RAB. [0052] With the session PDP contexts and bearers with their desired quality of services established, the mobile terminals MT 1 and MT 2 exchange SIP messages indicating that both MT 1 and MT 2 are ready to proceed with their conversation. During the session, if the voice and voice control streams are imactive for a period of time, the corresponding radio access and radio bearers may be released to conserve radio resources. But the session radio access bearer and radio bearer(s) are preferably maintained for the life of the session. This facilitates establishing another session involving MT 1 . [0053] In a second, “two bearer” embodiment, the session signaling and the voice media control messages share a single radio bearer with an interactive class of QoS. As in the first embodiment, the voice media packets, (e.g., RTP), are supported by a dedicated bearer with a conversational class of QoS. The session signaling load, (e.g., SIP signaling), normally is heavy during the session setup, and the voice media control message load, (e.g., RTCP), picks up after the session is setup. Although not identical, both streams carry signaling information. This time division and characteristic similarity permit sharing a single bearer. One interactive QoS bearer (preferably high priority) supports both the session setup signaling and the voice media control signaling. There may be some delays whenever both session signaling and voice media control signaling require transmission at the same time. One example of such a delay would occur when a service is added, dropped, or changed in the middle of the session. Such delay, however, may be an acceptable tradeoff in order to reduce the number of bearers by one. [0054] A session may include media in addition to voice, e.g., text, video, etc. Each additional media has its own media and media control flows that require additional PDP context and radio access bearers. One way to do this is to activate a new PDP context for each additional media flow and media control flow. There may be situations where all the RTCP flows may be multiplexed onto a single PDP context without loosing much quality. Alternatively, all RTCP flows could be multiplexed onto the same PDP context as the SIP signaling. Although this would impact performance, it may be an acceptable compromise in some situations. [0055] With the present invention, conversational IP voice services can be provided which deliver high speech quality both in terms of fidelity and low delay because each information flow is supported with a quality of service that meets its specific needs and only uses the radio resources according to its specific needs. While the present invention has been described with respect to particular embodiments, those skilled in the art will recognize that the present invention is not limited to these specific example embodiments. Different formats, embodiments, and adaptations besides those shown and described as well as many variations, modifications, and equivalent arrangements may also be used to implement the invention. The invention is limited only by the scope of the claims appended hereto.

Description

Topics

Download Full PDF Version (Non-Commercial Use)

Patent Citations (11)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    US-2002015391-A1February 07, 2002Ioannis Kriaras, Palat Sudeep Kumar, Hatef Yamini, Jin YangReal time data transmission systems and methods
    US-2002034166-A1March 21, 2002Barany Peter A., Bontu Chandra S., Rahman Shamim AkbarPacket-based calls in a wireless network
    US-2002122432-A1September 05, 2002Chaskar Hemant M.Method and apparatus for communicating data based on a plurality of traffic classes
    US-2004252661-A1December 16, 2004Raino Lintulampi, Janne Parantainen, Guillaume SebireMethod and apparatus for sharing uplink state flag (USF) with multiple uplink temporary block flows (TBFs)
    US-2006078000-A1April 13, 2006Mika Rinne, Juha KalliokuljuMethod for informing layers of a protocol stack about the protocol in use
    US-6529475-B1March 04, 2003Nortel Networks LimitedMonitor for the control of multimedia services in networks
    US-6532225-B1March 11, 2003At&T CorpMedium access control layer for packetized wireless systems
    US-6847610-B1January 25, 2005Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd.Method for optimizing data transmission in a packet switched wireless data transmission system
    US-7023855-B2April 04, 2006Nokia CorporationMethod and device for performing a packet data communication
    US-7123920-B1October 17, 2006Nokia CorporationTechnique for setting up calls in mobile network
    US-7171204-B2January 30, 2007Motorola, Inc.Method for handling a call establishment request during location management in 3G wireless networks

NO-Patent Citations (0)

    Title

Cited By (107)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    US-9019877-B2April 28, 2015Blackberry LimitedMethod and apparatus for state/mode transitioning
    US-2006023663-A1February 02, 2006Pantech & Curitel Communications, Inc.Method of controlling packet service setup and mobile communication system
    US-2010232355-A1September 16, 2010Harris CorporationAsymmetric broadband data network
    US-9037732-B2May 19, 2015Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.Method of implementing UE capability exchange and route control for parallel IMS and CS services
    US-2011182193-A1July 28, 2011Research In Motion LimitedMethod and apparatus for state/mode transitioning
    US-2010316015-A1December 16, 2010Pantech Co., Ltd.Method of controlling packet service setup and mobile communication system
    US-2005083909-A1April 21, 2005Jarmo Kuusinen, Matti Turunen, Jari MutikainenSystem, apparatus, and method for establishing circuit-switched communications via packet-switched network signaling
    US-8213410-B2July 03, 2012Tekelec, Inc.Methods and systems for communicating SS7 messages over packet-based network using transport adapter layer interface
    US-8359066-B2January 22, 2013Pine Valley Investments, Inc.Multimode land mobile radio
    US-2006072526-A1April 06, 2006Nokia CorporationChange of resource reservation for an IP session
    US-7843820-B2November 30, 2010Research In Motion LimitedWi-Fi quality of service signaling
    US-8849297-B2September 30, 2014Qualcomm IncorporatedCall establishment and maintenance in a wireless network
    US-2011159895-A1June 30, 2011Research In Motion LimitedMethod and system for allowing varied functionality based on multiple transmissions
    US-8036122-B2October 11, 2011Alcatel LucentInitiation of network treatment for data packet associated with real-time application different from network treatment applicable to data packet non-associated with the real-time application
    US-6888821-B2May 03, 2005Nokia CorporationDynamic media authorization in mobile networks
    US-7898980-B2March 01, 2011Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Method and apparatus for supporting voice service through radio channel in mobile telecommunication system
    US-9049657-B2June 02, 2015Blackberry LimitedSystem and method of user equipment state transition
    US-8239547-B2August 07, 2012Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ)Method and arrangement for providing different services in a multimedia communication system
    US-9144104-B2September 22, 2015Blackberry LimitedMethod and apparatus for state/mode transitioning
    US-7602802-B2October 13, 2009Lg Electronics Inc.Interrupting use of frequency layer convergence scheme
    WO-2005038551-A3March 23, 2006Nokia Corp, Nokia Inc, Georg Mayer, Hisham Khartabil, Robert Sugar, Paulius MeskauskasProcede et appareil permettant a un materiel d'utilisateur de lancer la compression lors de la signalisation associee au protocole d'initiation de session (sip) et dirigee vers un sous-systeme multimedia de protocole internet (ims)
    US-8983532-B2March 17, 2015Blackberry LimitedMethod and system for a wireless communication device to adopt varied functionalities based on different communication systems by specific protocol messages
    US-8443091-B2May 14, 2013Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson (Publ)Method and arrangement for providing different services in a multimedia communication system
    WO-2005039132-A1April 28, 2005Nokia Corporation, Nokia, Inc.System, apparatus, and method for establishing circuit-switched communications via packet switched network signaling
    US-2006040655-A1February 23, 2006Lg Electronics Inc.Timing of point-to-multipoint control channel information
    US-9781014-B2October 03, 2017Qualcomm IncorporatedCall establishment and maintenance in a wireless network
    US-2006050705-A1March 09, 2006Lg Electronics Inc.Distinguishing between protocol packets in a wireless communication system
    US-2008014956-A1January 17, 2008Srinivasan BalasubramanianCall establishment and maintanance in a wireless network
    US-9119208-B2August 25, 2015Blackberry LimitedMethod and apparatus for state/mode transitioning
    US-7860087-B2December 28, 2010Lg Electronics Inc.Distinguishing between protocol packets in a wireless communication system
    US-9258430-B2February 09, 2016Alcatel LucentMethod for dynamically providing a terminal connected to a public communication network, with services offered by a private telecommunication network
    US-8750328-B2June 10, 2014Tekelec Global, Inc.Methods and systems for communicating signaling system 7 (SS7) user part messages among SS7 signaling points (SPs) and internet protocol (IP) nodes using signal transfer points (STPs)
    WO-2005038551-A2April 28, 2005Nokia Corporation, Nokia IncMethod and apparatus by which a ue starts compression in sip signalling to ims
    US-9226271-B2December 29, 2015Blackberry LimitedMethod and apparatus for state/mode transitioning
    US-2007076707-A1April 05, 2007Michael Link, Mirko Schacht, Palat Sudeep K, Said TateshIdentifying data and/or control packets in wireless communication
    US-2004085949-A1May 06, 2004Tinna Partanen, Jouni Rapakko, Markku Ojala, Stirbu Vlad A.User equipment device enabled for sip signalling to provide multimedia services with qos
    US-2010329224-A1December 30, 2010Qualcomm IncorporatedCall establishment and maintenance in a wireless network
    US-2004190453-A1September 30, 2004Rasanen Juha A., Igor CurcioDynamic media authorization in mobile networks
    US-2010118752-A1May 13, 2010Research In Motion LimitedMethod and Apparatus of Transition to a Battery Efficient State or Configuration by Indicating End of Data Transmission in Long Term Evolution
    EP-1709773-A4November 03, 2010Lg Electronics IncOptimized radio bearer configuration for voice over ip
    US-2006067324-A1March 30, 2006Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Method and apparatus for supporting voice service through radio channel in mobile telecommunication system
    US-9026153-B2May 05, 2015Blackberry LimitedMethod and apparatus for state/mode transitioning
    US-2007286370-A1December 13, 2007Kauppinen Risto A, Jarno PelkonenApparatuses and methods for presenting caller identities for communications originating and terminating in different communication domains
    EP-1709773-A2October 11, 2006LG Electronics, Inc.Configuration de support radio optimisee pour voix sur ip
    US-9456436-B2September 27, 2016Blackberry LimitedMethod and apparatus for state/mode transitioning
    US-8145262-B2March 27, 2012Pine Valley Investments, Inc.Multimode land mobile radio
    WO-2004040777-A3July 15, 2004Nokia Corp, Nokia IncUSER EQUIPMENT DEVICE ENABLED FOR SIP SIGNALLING TO PROVIDE MULTIMEDIA SERVICES WITH QoS
    US-2009323624-A1December 31, 2009Kim Myeong-CheolInterrupting use of frequency layer convergence scheme
    US-2010329207-A1December 30, 2010Qualcomm IncorporatedCall establishment and maintenance in a wireless network
    US-2005089020-A1April 28, 2005Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Erisson (Publ)Charging in a communications network
    US-8885607-B2November 11, 2014Blackberry LimitedMethod and apparatus for state/mode transitioning
    US-2011013513-A1January 20, 2011Frederick Chee-Kiong Lai, Miranda LimWi-Fi Quality of Service Signaling
    US-8194682-B2June 05, 2012Pine Valley Investments, Inc.Multiple protocol land mobile radio system
    US-9037167-B2May 19, 2015Blackberry LimitedMethod and apparatus for state/mode transitioning
    WO-2006000545-A1January 05, 2006Siemens AktiengesellschaftEtablissement d'une connexion pour l'echange de donnees d'un service base ip
    US-7782788-B2August 24, 2010Elefonaktibolaget L M Ericsson (Publ)Charging in a communications network
    US-8406168-B2March 26, 2013Harris CorporationAsymmetric broadband data radio network
    US-2008101231-A1May 01, 2008Research In Motion LimitedWi-Fi Quality of Service Signaling
    JP-2008506303-AFebruary 28, 2008テレフオンアクチーボラゲット エル エム エリクソン(パブル)マルチメディア通信システムにおいて異なったサービスを提供する方法および装置
    KR-101103191-B1January 04, 2012에스케이플래닛 주식회사Method for Setting Radio Access Bearer in Asynchronous Communication Network
    US-2005249146-A1November 10, 2005AlcatelMethod for dynamically providing a terminal connected to a public communication network, with services offered by a private telecommunication network
    US-2005086327-A1April 21, 2005Georg Mayer, Hisham Khartabil, Robert Sugar, Paulius MeskauskasMethod and apparatus by which a UE starts compression in SIP signalling to IMS
    US-2009036127-A1February 05, 2009Kim Myeong-CheolInterrupting use of frequency layer convergence scheme
    US-7359373-B2April 15, 2008Nokia CorporationSystem, apparatus, and method for establishing circuit-switched communications via packet-switched network signaling
    US-9467976-B2October 11, 2016Blackberry LimitedMethod and apparatus for state/mode transitioning
    US-8098624-B2January 17, 2012Pantech Co., Ltd.Method of controlling packet service setup and mobile communication system
    US-2010054177-A1March 04, 2010Serdar Sahin, Kasi NarayanaswamyMethod and system of using ip multimedia system for call setup in mobile satellite systems
    US-2007201430-A1August 30, 2007Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ)Implicit secondary PDP context activation method
    US-2006262800-A1November 23, 2006Martinez Dennis M, John VaughanMultimode land mobile radio
    US-8102839-B2January 24, 2012Nokia CorporationSystem, apparatus, and method for establishing circuit-switched communications via packet-switched network signaling
    KR-101214326-B1December 21, 2012텔레폰악티에볼라겟엘엠에릭슨(펍)Method and arrangement for providing different services in a multimedia communication system
    US-9661611-B2May 23, 2017Blackberry LimitedMethod and apparatus for user equipment directed radio resource control in a UMTS network
    US-8693461-B2April 08, 2014Blackberry LimitedWi-Fi quality of service signaling
    US-2004052246-A1March 18, 2004Lg Electronics Inc.Method of managing radio bearer in mobile communication system
    KR-100802641-B1August 10, 2006노키아 코포레이션패킷 교환 방식 네트워크 시그날링을 통해 회선 교환 방식통신을 설정하는 시스템, 장치, 및 방법
    US-2009154408-A1June 18, 2009Kyeong-In Jeong, Himke Van Der Verlde, Sung-Ho Choi, Soeng-Hun Kim, O-Sok Song, Kwak No-Jun, Gert Jan Van LieshoutMethod and apparatus for transmitting sip data of idle mode ue in a mobile communication system
    US-2004037264-A1February 26, 2004Charbel KhawandPre-negotiated quality of service
    US-7839889-B2November 23, 2010TekelecMethods and systems for communicating signaling system 7 (SS7) user part messages among SS7 signaling points (SPs) and internet protocol (IP) nodes using signal transfer points (STPs)
    WO-2004071105-A3June 02, 2005Nokia Corportion, Nokia IncDynamic media authorization in mobile networks
    US-2008049662-A1February 28, 2008Research In Motion LimitedApparatus, and associated method, for releasing a data-service radio resource allocated to a data-service-capable mobile node
    US-2008267166-A1October 30, 2008Janne Peisa, Mats Sagfors, Johan Torsner, Stefan WagerMethod and Apparatus for Providing a Multimedia Service
    WO-2006019542-A3July 13, 2006Tekelec Us, Todd Eichler, Robert John DelaneyProcedes et systemes de correlation automatique entre priorite mtp et type de service du protocole ip dans les reseaux en convergence
    US-8335197-B2December 18, 2012Samsung Electronics Co., LtdMethod and apparatus for transmitting SIP data of idle mode UE in a mobile communication system
    US-2005286502-A1December 29, 2005TekelecMethods and systems for communicating SS7 messages over packet-based network using transport adapter layer interface
    US-2005265341-A1December 01, 2005TekelecMethods and systems for communicating SS7 messages over packet-based network using transport adapter layer interface
    US-2006262771-A1November 23, 2006M/A Com, Inc.System providing land mobile radio content using a cellular data network
    US-9521657-B2December 13, 2016Blackberry LimitedMethod and apparatus for state/mode transitioning
    US-7069014-B1June 27, 2006Sprint Spectrum L.P.Bandwidth-determined selection of interaction medium for wireless devices
    EP-1675349-A1June 28, 2006Lucent Technologies Inc.Method for identifying RTP (Real Time Protocol) and RTCP (Real Time Control Protocol) packets based on a packet property
    US-8279868-B2October 02, 2012Pine Valley Investments, Inc.System providing land mobile radio content using a cellular data network
    US-2006218291-A1September 28, 2006Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.Method of implementing UE capability exchange and route control for parallel IMS and CS services
    US-7743131-B2June 22, 2010TekelecMethods and systems for managing status audit messages in a gateway routing node
    US-2009055473-A1February 26, 2009Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ)Message and arrangement for provding different services in a multimedia communication system
    US-2006270423-A1November 30, 2006Nokia CorporationInformation and management service portal for subscribers of communication systems
    EP-1999907-B1February 03, 2016OrangeÜbertragungssystem und verfahren
    US-8224928-B2July 17, 2012Tekelec, Inc.Methods and systems for distributing operating status information within a converged network
    US-2005025159-A1February 03, 2005Duan-Shin Lee, Chiung-Sui Liu, Sheng-Hsien Chen, Ching-Yu LinMethod for transmitting data in radio access networks
    US-7894397-B2February 22, 2011Lg Electronics Inc.Interrupting use of frequency layer convergence scheme
    US-6788676-B2September 07, 2004Nokia CorporationUser equipment device enabled for SIP signalling to provide multimedia services with QoS
    US-7801074-B2September 21, 2010Pantech&Curitel Communications, Inc.Method of controlling packet service setup and mobile communication system
    US-2004196786-A1October 07, 2004Subhasis Laha, Jerry Stamatopoulos, Walsh Patrick Jay, Welch David ArthurInitiation of network treatment for data packet associated with real-time application different from network treatment applicable to data packet non-associated with the real-time application
    US-7620057-B1November 17, 2009Broadcom CorporationCache line replacement with zero latency
    US-9125208-B2September 01, 2015Blackberry LimitedMethod and apparatus of transition to a battery efficient state or configuration by indicating end of data transmission in long term evolution
    US-2008159276-A1July 03, 2008Jarmo Kuusinen, Matti Turunen, Jari MutikainenSystem, apparatus, and method for establishing circuit-switched communicaitons via packet-switched network signaling
    US-7706262-B2April 27, 2010Alcatel-Lucent Usa Inc.Identifying data and/or control packets in wireless communication
    US-7164673-B2January 16, 2007Lg-Nortel Co., Ltd.Method of managing radio bearer in mobile communication system
    US-2005058068-A1March 17, 2005Racha Ben Ali, Yves Lemieux, Samuel PierreRefined quality of service mapping for a multimedia session